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NH State Symbols

Last Updated: May 23rd, 2010 - 21:01:09


State Bird of New Hampshire
Sep 7, 2006, 15:42 PST

Purple finch Carpodacus purpureus

Identification Tips:

  • Length: 5.5 inches
  • Large, conical bill
  • Short, forked tail
  • Distinctive call note often given in flight


  • Purplish-red head, breast, back and rump
  • Streaked back
  • White undertail coverts
  • Brown wings and tail
  • Immature male resembles female


  • Brown crown and cheek patch contrasting with pale supercilium and malar streak
  • Heavily streaked underparts
  • Brown upperparts

Similar species:

The male Purple Finch is similar to the House Finch but lacks brown streaks on the breast and belly, has a more purple head, shorter forked tail and different call notes. Female House Finch lacks the distinctive face pattern of the female Purple Finch. Cassin's Finch is very similar in all plumages but has streaked undertail coverts and a larger bill. Male Cassin's has a brighter red crown. Female Cassin's has finer streaking on the breast and a less noticeable face pattern. Pine Siskin is similar to female but smaller and lacks face pattern. Sparrows are slimmer with longer tails and different markings.

Length and wingspan from: Robbins, C.S., Bruun, B., Zim, H.S., (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc.
Source: USGS

Learn more with the help of Google.

Handheld Birds and Software at National Geographic

Keywords: state bird of New Hampshire, New Hampshire, New Hampshire state bird, Purple Finch, Finch, ClassBrain, state report, homework help,

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