link to ClassBrain Home  link to ClassBrain Home
 link to site map
Defining Documents Home 
 US Constitution & The Bill Of Rights
 Amendments To The US Constitution
 Acts
 Agreements
 Articles
 Bills
 Budgets of the US Government
 Citations
 Declarations
 Important Writings, Papers, & Designs
 Patents
 Plans
 Presidential Executive Orders
 Proclamations
 Resolutions
 Speeches
 Supreme Court Decisions
 Treaties
 plug-in page link
 link to ask classbrain

Speeches

Gettysburg Address
By President Abraham Lincoln
Mar 17, 2006, 2:50pm



Of the five known manuscript copies of the Gettysburg Address, the Library of Congress has two. President Lincoln gave one of these to each of his two private secretaries, John Nicolay and John Hay. The copy on exhibit, which belonged to Nicolay, is often called the "first draft" because it is believed to be the earliest copy that exists.

The Only Known Photograph of President Lincoln at the dedication of the Civil War cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1863.
Still Picture Branch, National Archives
Considerable scholarly debate continues about whether the Nicolay copy is the "reading" copy. In 1894 Nicolay wrote that Lincoln had brought with him the first part of the speech, written in ink on Executive Mansion stationery, and that he had written the second page in pencil on lined paper before the dedication on November 19, 1863. Matching folds are still evident on two of the pages, suggesting it could be the copy that eyewitnesses say Lincoln took from his coat pocket and read at the ceremony.

The "second draft," probably made by Lincoln shortly after his return to Washington from Gettysburg, was given to John Hay, whose descendants donated both it and the Nicolay copy to the Library of Congress in 1916. There are numerous variations in words and punctuation between these two drafts. Because these variations provide clues into Lincoln's thinking and because these two drafts are the most closely tied to November 19, they continue to be consulted by scholars of the period.

The other three copies of the Address were written by Lincoln for charitable purposes well after November 19.


Transcript of the "Nicolay Draft" of the Gettysburg Address

"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that "all men are created equal"

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of it, as a final resting place for those who died here, that the nation might live. This we may, in all propriety do. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow, this ground -- The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have hallowed it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here; while it can never forget what they did here.

It is rather for us, the living, we here be dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that, from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here, gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve these dead shall not have died in vain; that the nation, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people by the people for the people, shall not perish from the earth. "

Source: Library of Congress




© Copyright 2006 by Classbrain.com

Top of Page



Web
Classbrain

DICTIONARY


Speeches
Latest Headlines
The Silent Majority Speech
"I Have A Dream" Speech (1963)
President Nixon's Phone Call to the Moon
President Bush's Immigration Speech - May 2007
President Bush's 9-11 Address to the Nation
September11th, 2001
Four Freedom's Speech
President Andrew Jackson's Messsage to Congress on Indian Removal, 1830
The Monroe Doctrine
We Shall Overcome
John Glenn's Communication With Command Center, 1962
Joint Address to Congress Leading to a Declaration of War Against Japan
"Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death"
Astronaut Neil Armstrong's Speech on the Moon, 1969 - Apollo 11
Washington's Farewell Address
Washington's Inaugural Speech, 1789
Marshall Plan
Commencement Address at Havard University by Secretary of State George Marshall, 1948
Gettysburg Address
President Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's Farewell Speech
President John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address, 1961

Corporate info | ClassBrain Home | Privacy and Copyright | Contact | Parents & Teachers | NeedHelp?