Clinton, William

Clinton, William

William J. Clinton Born- August 19, 1946, Hope, AR 42nd US President -1993-2001 Courtesy of the Library of Congress During the administration of William Jefferson Clinton, the U.S. enjoyed more peace and economic well being than at any time in its history. He was the first Democratic president since Franklin D. Roosevelt to win a second term. He could point to the lowest unemployment rate in modern times, the lowest inflation in 30 years, the highest home ownership in the country’s history, dropping crime rates in many places, and reduced welfare roles. He proposed the first balanced budget in decades and achieved a budget surplus. As part of a plan to celebrate the millennium in 2000, Clinton called for a great national initiative to end racial discrimination. After the failure in his second year of a huge program of health care reform, Clinton shifted emphasis, declaring “the era of big government is over.” He sought legislation to upgrade education, to protect jobs of parents who must care for sick children, to restrict handgun sales, and to strengthen environmental rules. President Clinton was born William Jefferson Blythe IV on August 19, 1946, in Hope, Arkansas, three months after his father died in a traffic accident. When he was four years old, his mother wed Roger Clinton, of Hot Springs, Arkansas. In high school, he took the family name. He excelled as a student and as a saxophone player and once considered becoming a professional musician. As a delegate to Boys Nation while in high school, he met President John Kennedy in the White House Rose Garden. The encounter led him to...

Anthony, Susan B.

Courtesy of the Library of Congress Leader in Women’s Rights This famous women’s rights leader was born in Adams, Massachusetts on February 15th, 1820.  It wasn’t until 1845 that her family moved to Rochester, New York on the Erie Canal.  Their house then became a meeting place for anti-slavery activists and perhaps the place where Susan B. Anthony first became interested in political events.  In 1851, she attended her first anti-slavery convention in Syracuse.  Soon thereafter in 1852, Anthony attended her first women’s rights convention and proceeded to join the Women’s Rights Movement.  Two years later she began a New York State campaign for women’s suffrage in Chatauqua County.  In 1869 she called for the first Women Suffrage Convention in Washington, D.C.    In probably her most noted act, Anthony was arrested for voting in 1872.  This didn’t stop her cause one bit and she continued to fight until her last breath.  In 1898, The Life & Work of Susan B. Anthony, A Story of the Evolution of the Status of Women was published and in 1906, Anthony made her last public appearance.  At the suffrage hearings in Washington D.C., she gave her ‘Failure is Impossible’ speech at her 86th birthday celebration.  She died almost a month later on March 13th, 1906. Source: Biography.com, PBS, susanbanthonyhouse.org Learning Links The Susan B. Anthony House The Susan B. Anthony House is located in Rochester, New York and was her home during the most politically active period in her life.  It is also the site of her famous arrest for voting in 1872.  Today the house is...

Edison, Thomas

Photograph copyright by Emil P. Spahn, Newark, New Jersey. Copyrighted 1880. Courtesy of the Library of Congress Thomas A. Edison: The Wizard of Menlo Park 1847 – 1931   In May of 1913, it was decided by a survey of independent magazine readers that Thomas A. Edison was the most useful man in the country. Although Edison was born on February 11th, 1847, the impact of his accomplishments are still being felt over a century later.   When he was a young boy, doctors feared that he might be brain damaged because of the size of his head.  However, by 1869, this odd young man named Thomas Alva Edison had become a full time inventor.  In addition to inventing the phonograph, incandescent light bulbs, and motion picture camera, Edison established over 1,093 patents earning him the nickname “The Wizard of Menlo Park.”   On April 24, 1889 the Edison General Electric Company was organized.  In December of 1903, The Edison Manufacturing Company released its hit film, The Great Train Robbery, directed by Edwin S. Porter.  On May 21st, 1928 Edison received an honorary medal from Congress.  Three years later, on January 6th, 1931, Thomas Edison filed his last patentapplication.  He died in November of that same year.    Thomas Alva Edison will be remembered as one of the most prolific inventors of all time.  His patents and discoveries cover a multitude of subjects, including: electric lighting, electric railways, secondary batteries, phonographs, cylinder records, and much more.  These inventions have made a significant impact on how science and invention have progressed in...

Armstrong, Neil

Neil A. Armstrong is the Chairman of the Board of AIL Systems, Inc., Deer Park, N.Y., an electronic systems company. He was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, on August 5, 1930. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Purdue University in 1955. Image courtesy of NASA After serving as a naval aviator from 1949 to 1952 and completing his studies at Purdue, Armstrong joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1955. His first assignment was with the NACA Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. For the next 17 years, he was an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator for NACA and its successor agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). As a research pilot at NASA’s Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif., he was a project pilot on many pioneering high speed aircraft, including the well known, 4000-mph X-15. He has flown over 200 different models of aircraft, including jets, rockets, helicopters and gliders. Armstrong transferred to astronaut status in 1962. He was assigned as command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission. Gemini 8 was launched on March 16, 1966, and Armstrong performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space. As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, Armstrong gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the moon and first to step on its surface. The Eagle Has Landed – Archived Historical Movie Source: Internet Archives – Moving Images Armstrong subsequently held the position of Deputy...
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